Author GuidelinesOriginality The Editor invites original articles that fall within the mission and scope of the Journal. The submitted work should not have been previously published or submitted for publication elsewhere. Publication of abstracts and presentations at conferences do not jeopardize the publication of an article. The author(s) shall be required to make a declaration that their work has not been published, and is not being considered for publication elsewhere. Further, they have to declare that the submitted work is their own and no copyright has been breached in seeking the publication of the article. Moreover, the author(s) should pull down any drafts or abstracts placed on the internet immediately after submitting the work. The author(s) have a responsibility to obtain full permission to use copyrighted material that they may require in their work. Documentary evidence of such a permit may be required. Authorship Author(s) of articles should meet all the three criteria mentioned below. Authorship credit should be based on substantial contribution to: 1. The research design, acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data; 2. Drafting the article or revising it critically; 3. Approval of the submitted and final versions of the paper. The author of an article should make acknowledgements of all significant contributions received from individuals who do not qualify to be author(s) e.g. data analysts, copy typists, translators mentioning the contribution made by each. Where a paper is co-authored, a listed of all contributing author(s) should be provided by the corresponding author and should declare that nobody who qualifies to be an author has been excluded from the list. A short description of each author's contribution to the work submitted will be required. The author(s) should also state that their work has been approved by the relevant authorities where such approval is required. Conflict of interest The author(s) of articles have a responsibility to disclose any relevant information about competing interests (financial, political or religious affiliations) that might appear to affect their objectivity. The disclosure should include details of interests e.g. employment, share ownership, consultancy, funding in any organization that may benefit from their publication. If the work is funded, then the role of the funder should be clearly stated. The sources of the funding of the research and publication should be disclosed. Copyright Submitted papers must be original work of the author(s) and should not violate any existing local and international copyright laws. The copyright of published papers shall be held by KCA University but author(s) retain the right to use their own work in other publications provided they acknowledge KCA University as the original publisher. Each time the author(s) use their own work published by KJBM in other publications a full citation must be made. Double blind review KJBM uses double blind review to review articles submitted for publication. The authors are therefore advised to ensure that no information in the body of the text or the appendices reveal their identity. When papers are submitted to the peer reviewers, the title page will be removed to conceal their identity. The peer review reports are sent to the editor who removes any information disclosing the identity of the reviewer before forwarding the reports to the authors. Format We recommend that the work submitted for review should be no more than 5,000 - 7000 words (not more than 20 pages single-spaced in 12-point Times New Roman fonts) excluding the appendices. Citations and References In writing your article or paper, you may refer to other research works, which are referred to as in-text citations. The citations, should be made in a uniform style using the American Psychological Association (APA) style. Every work cited in text must have a corresponding reference. The references should appear at the end of the paper on a separate page arranged in ascending alphabetical order. For more information, please refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th edition, 2001
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