AFRREV LALIGENS: An International Journal of Language, Literature and Gender Studies

The AJOL site is currently undergoing a major upgrade, and there will temporarily be some restrictions to the available functionality.
-- Users will not be able to register or log in during this period.
-- Full text (PDF) downloads of Open Access journal articles will be available as always.
-- Full text (PDF) downloads of subscription based journal articles will NOT be available
We apologise for any inconvenience caused. Please check back soon, as we will revert to usual policy as soon as possible.

Ideology and Power Relations in Abubakar Shekau’s Speech Texts

Joy Aworo-Okoroh


This paper explores the phenomenon of power that exists in Abubakar Shekau’s speech text. Drawing from Halliday’s Systemic functional grammar and Norman Fairclough’s perspective on language and ideology Shekau’s speech text was analyzed. The analysis is done using Information structure model of Theme and Rheme to explicate the ideologies embedded in the texts.Results showed that Shekau’s ideologies can be grouped into two namely divinity ideologies and political ideologies .The power-relations are three dimensional –that between Shekau and his God, Shekau and his followers and Shekau and the Nigerian government. The ideologies and power-relations are embedded in shekau’s use of personal pronouns.

AJOL African Journals Online