Integration of ICT in teaching and learning: a review of theories
The integration of ICT in teaching and learning (IITL) brings about powerful learning environments and helps students to deal with knowledge in active, self-directed and constructive ways. Thus, all avenues to foster it should be explored. One such avenue is to isolate the factors underpinning IITL. In deriving these factors, several theories can be considered. This paper reviews six of these theories, namely, Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA), the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), the Technology-Organisation-Environment (TOE) framework, the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT), and the Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) framework. The review is chronological. Though the paper may be of interest to researchers working on innovation adoption, it arose as part of a study on higher education.
Keywords: ICT; Pedagogy; Innovation adoption