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Momona Ethiopian Journal of Science

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Quantum Fluctuations of Low Dimensional Bose-Einstein Condensates in Optical Systems

A Mebrahtu

Abstract


A system of low dimensional condensed ultracold atomic gases inside a field of a laser-driven optical cavity exhibits dispersive optical bistability. During such a process the system also
shows quantum fluctuations. Condensate fluctuations are highly manifested particularly in low dimensional systems. In this paper we have investigated the theory and manifestation of
fluctuations in quantum optical systems in low dimensional Bose-Einstein condensates. We have described the system using the mean-field approximation. In this study we have verified that low dimensional quantum gases exhibit not only highly fascinating properties but also we have indicated that the use of mean field theory to describe quantum gases in low dimensions is highly restricted since the possibility of generating low dimensional bosonic condensates is dominated by the existence of highly sensitive and intrinsic quantum fluctuations.



http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/mejs.v3i2.67709
AJOL African Journals Online