• P.I. Nwandu National Open University of Nigeria, Abuja, Nigeria, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension
Keywords: Income Distribution, Forest-Dependent, Rural-Households


The study analysed income distribution among forest-dependent rural households in Delta State, Nigeria. A multi
stage random sampling techniques were used to select 198 forest-dependent rural households using cross
sectional data. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and Gini Coefficient. The results were presented in
3 categories using the entire income of the forest-dependent rural households, income of forest resource owners
and lastly non-owners of forest resources. Results gave a Gini index of 0.54 for the entire sample indicating that
size distribution of forest-dependent rural household income was quite inequitable in pattern. However, the
income of forest resource owners gave a Gini index of 0.34 indicating that there was low inequality in income
distribution among them. The non-owners of forest resources had a Gini index of 0.55 which showed high income
inequality. About 20% of the population of non-owners of forest resources earn less than 3% of the income while
60% of the population earn less than 20% of the income. The study therefore calls for policy shift that will allow
non-owners of forest resources in the rural areas access to both government and private owned forest reserves for
the collection of products. Education and enlightenment of rural households is necessary to help sustain
availability of forest products, harvesting, processing and marketing for better value and income. Rural
households should participate in the formulation of forest policies and programmes.


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 0300-368X