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Artisanal ﬁshery and its potential are threatened in Nigeria due to some methods used in ﬁshing and unavailable inputs. The study investigated socio-economic characteristics, artisanal methods and constraints among ﬁshers in the lower river Niger, Kogi State Nigeria. All four Local Governments along lower River Niger were selected and thirty percent (30%) of artisanal ﬁshers were randomly selected from each community in each of the four Local Governments to make up one hundred and ninety-four (194) respondents. Data were collected through structured questionnaires and scheduled interviews administered to the artisanal ﬁshers. Data were analyzed with descriptive (frequency, percentage and mean) and inferential analyses which include Chi square. The results showed that 89.2% were male, 56.2% are married, 41.2%, have a household size of 1- 4 and 54.1% of ﬁshers earned a daily income of #5,000 - #10,000. Catﬁsh spp (43.1%) was the dominant ﬁsh species caught; ﬁshing is mostly done in the evening by 54.1% of the ﬁshers, 69.1% of the ﬁshers used planked canoes while only 28.9% used outboard engine, 54.1% used cast net, 41.8% used subsidized ﬁshing craft. Constraints of ﬁshers ranked by mean weighted score revealed that lack of sufﬁcient capital x = 3.70 and decrease in catch x = 3.68 were the major constraints encountered by the artisanal ﬁshers. The study recommended that ﬁshers should form cooperative association through which their resources can be pulled together and made available to members in the form of loans and for the procurement of ﬁshing inputs that can be hired out at low rate to solve the problem of inadequate capital.