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Effects of Contract Farming Models for Increased Productivity in Nigeria: An Empirical Evidence

I. A. Enwelu
C. J. Iyere-Freedom


This paper explored the different types of contract farming models and their effects, with a focus on their potential for increased agricultural productivity in Nigeria and their challenges. The study adopted the unique Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) framework. An online search for relevant literature in the English language that was peer-reviewed and grey literature was used. Data were collected through a web search, Google Scholar, and open-access journals. Contract farming models identified included centralized, nucleus estate, multipartite, informal, and intermediary models. Furthermore, low pricing by firms and a lack of regulatory frameworks, among others, were challenges to contract farming schemes identified. Empirical evidence reveals that contract farming models increase the agricultural productivity of beneficiaries in Nigeria by giving farmers better access to inputs, technical support, and market opportunities. The study suggests the need for government, non-governmental organizations, and other relevant stakeholders' support through regulatory frameworks to ensure that the rights of contracting farmers are not marginalized.