Economic study of socioeconomic characteristics and resource use in maize production among farmers in Nigeria.
The study was carried out in 2008 in Dekina Local Government Area of Kogi State, Nigeria. Primary data which were obtained from randomly selected maize farmers were used for the study. Both socioeconomic characteristics of the farmers and production activities were studied. The socioeconomic characteristics were analyzed with descriptive statistics while the production aspect was analyzed with production function. The functional form used was Cobb Douglas production function. The results showed that most of the farmers were young, but poorly educated. Their major method of acquiring farmlands was inheritance and they owned small scale farms. All the farmers used personal savings to run their farms. The farmers operated in the region of increasing return to scale. Labour, capital and fertilizers were found to have significant influence on the output of maize. Recommendations made to boost maize production included putting a land reform policy which will make farmlands readily available to interested farmers in place and encouraging commercial banks to give loans to farmers at low interest rate among others.
Keywords: Socioeconomics,Resource use,MaizeProduction