Economics of poultry production in Bauchi State: A case study of Bauchi Local Government Area
The study was undertaken to examine the economics of poultry production in Bauchi Local Government Area of Bauchi State. Cost, returns and constraints associated with poultry production under intensive system of management were examined. Four farms were randomly selected for the study. The major tools used for data analysis include simple descriptive statistics (mean, range and percentages) t-test, chi-square test and farm budget technique. Result of the cost and returns analysis showed that net profit per bird per production cycle in layer's enterprise ranged from N160 - N165 and N251 - N252 in 1992/93 and 1993/94 respectively. The net profit per bird for production cycles in broiler enterprise ranged from N130 – N146 and N173.20 - N178.80 in 1993 and 1994 respectively. There was a significant difference (P< 0.05) between the net profit per bird of layers and that of broilers, showing that layer's enterprise was more profitable than broilers enterprise. The major constraints associated with poultry enterprise include high cost of feed and prevalent diseases.
Keywords: Economics, Production, Layers, Broilers