Prevalence of trypanosomosis and associated haematological changes among hunting dogs in Abeokuta, Nigeria

  • S.A.V. Abakpa
  • T.J. Fambegbe
  • M.I. Takeet
  • O.O. Daramola
  • G.O. Akintunde
  • M.E. Okandeji
  • E.O. Okpara
Keywords: Trypanosomosis, prevalence, hunting dogs

Abstract

African animal trypanosomosis (AAT) is one of the major constraints to the development of effective livestock production systems. Dogs are human companion and are believed to be sentinels for infection with the human species. This study was to detect subclinical and clinical infection of trypanosomes among hunting dogs in Abeokuta and its environs using
molecular technique. A total of 87 dogs comprising of 49 males and 38 females were ramdomly screened for trypanosomes by polymerase chain reaction technique. Among 87 dogs screened, 17.2% were positive for Trypanosoma congolense and Trypanosoma brucei. Prevalence of trypanosomosis in males was 14.3% while the females accounted for
21.1%.Hematological examination revealed a significant increase (p < 0.05) in mean white blood cells (20.9 ± 2.11) and monocyte counts (5.9 ± 0.62) of the infected dogs compared to uninfected dogs. Packed Cell Volume (36.0 ± 3.73) and haemoglobin concentration (13.9 ± 2.10) decreased insignificantly, while, red blood cells (7.1 ± 0.87), lymphocyte (60.9 ± 9.63), neutrophil (33.3 ± 9.16) and eosinophil (1.4 ± 0.42) counts increased insignificantly (p > 0.05) in infected dogs compared to uninfected dogs. In conclusion, caninine trypanosomosis is prevalent in hunting dogs, in Abeokuta.

Keywords: Trypanosomosis, prevalence, hunting dogs

Published
2020-02-20
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 0331-2062