Assessment of nutritional status of school children in Oyo West Local Government Area, Oyo State, Nigeria
Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the nutritional status of primary school children in Oyo West Local Government Area of Oyo State.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was among 499 primary school children. The study instrument was a pretested interviewer-administered questionnaire. Data on weight, height and age of the school children were converted to nutritional indices (wasting, stunting and underweight) to determine their nutritional status. Cross-tabulation was done to compare the nutritional status of the school children on the basis of their socio-demographic characteristics.
Results: The results showed that the mean age of the school children was 8.54 ± 2.24 (range = 4 to 15) years Majority of the children came from monogamous families (65.9%) and lived with both parents (66.1%). Fathers and mothers of the children were largely artisan (57.7%) and traders (59.9%) respectively. Only 83.8% of the school children consumed breakfast on a daily basis. The prevalence of wasting, stunting and underweight among the school children was 4.0%, 14.6% and 9.8% respectively. Prevalence of wasting (4.7% versus 3.7%) and underweight (10.5% versus 9.5%) was marginally higher in polygamous than monogamous families respectively. Lower proportions of the school children were wasted (3.0%) stunted (12.7%) and underweight (8.5%) when they lived with both parents compared with other living arrangements.
Conclusion: The study concluded that malnutrition exists among school children in the study area and that school children not living with their parents had poor nutritional status.
Keywords: Nutritional status, school children, demographic characteristics, breakfast
Manuscripts are accepted for publication with the understanding that no substantial part has been, or will be published elsewhere. By submitting a manuscript, the authors agree that the copyright is transferred to the publisher if and when the articles, including reprints, photographic reproduction and translation are published. Copyright owner is the Nutrition Society of Nigeria. An abstract at the beginning of an article may be reproduced without specific permission provided the original citation is provided. Statements made and opinions expressed in letters to the editor, editorials, presidential address, book reviews, and other special articles appearing in this journal are views of the author(s) and do not necessary reflect the position of the journal or the Nutrition Society of Nigeria.