PROMOTING ACCESS TO AFRICAN RESEARCH

Nigerian Journal of Nutritional Sciences

Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

Remember me or Register



DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT Open Access  DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT Subscription or Fee Access

Eating Habits of the Elderly in Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria

UM Odenigbo, CU Odenigbo, OC Oguejiofor

Abstract


Objectives: The study was undertaken to describe the eating habits of literate elderly in Asaba, urban city in Delta State of Nigeria.
Methods: A total of 176 elderly male (62.5%) and female (37.5%) aged 50years and above who attended Medical Lectures of the Ebreme foundation for the elderly were enrolled in this study. Dietary information was collected by means of an interviewer-administered food frequency questionnaire. The SPSS (Statistic Package for Social Science) version 13.0 was used for data analysis.
Results: More than half (52.3%) of the population studied had tertiary education, 73.9% were married and lived with their family members. Their main source of income was retirement pension (71%). This income significantly influenced the amount of money spent on daily meals (Chi square =28.660; P-value 0.018). Their meals were mainly prepared by spouse (56.3%) and however, these meals were reported consumed without salt at table (72.7%). The meal preparation was significantly correlated with their marital status (P<0.05). Only few of the subjects skipped meals at breakfast (22.7%), lunch (20.5%) and
dinner (10.2%). Appetite for food was mainly suppressed by depression (47.2%) and sickness (33.7%). Food frequency survey showed daily consumption of fruit (58.5%), vegetable (74.4%) and starchy staple (56.8%). In terms of quantity, recommended daily servings of different foods, 70.5% and 65.3% of the respondents met their requirements for fruits and vegetable respectively while for starchy staples, 45% did not meet their normal recommended daily servings. Consumption of refined carbohydrate, fatty foods and alcoholic drink by the respondents were low. As much as 60.2% did not consume alcoholic drink. Conclusion: These educated elderly subjects portrayed healthy eating habits. However, it will be necessary to conduct similar survey among rural and illiterate elderly subjects.

Key words: Eating habits, literate elderly, Asaba, Nigeria.



http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/njns.v31i1.63895
AJOL African Journals Online