Paranasal sinusitis in the aetiology of orbital cellulitis
AbstractAim: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of paranasal sinusitis as a cause of orbital cellulitis and to identify the commonest sinus(es) involved in our setting.
Methods: A retrospective review of the case notes of 47 patients with orbital cellulitis admitted into the ophthalmic ward of the University College Hospital, Ibadan within a ten-year period (1988-1987) was done.
Results: Sinusitis 34.2%) was the most common cause of orbital cellulitis with the maxillary sinus being the most involved (38%). Patients in the second decade of life had the highest prevalence of 56%. More cases were seen during the dry season C November to February.
Conclusion: Paranasal sinusitis is probably the most frequent cause of orbital cellulitis with the maxillary sinus being the most involved.
Keywords: orbital cellulitis, paranasal sinusitis, Ibadan, Nigeria
Nigerian Journal of Ophthalmology Vol. 13 (1) 2005: 8-10