Implementing Comprehensive Health Care Management for Sickle Cell Disease in an African Setting

  • ME Odunvbun
  • AA Okolo

Abstract

Sickle cell disease is the commonest single gene disease in Africa. Morbidity and mortality from this disease has remained unacceptably high in Africa whereas there has been a marked reduction in the burden of this disease in the developed countries. This reduction was not achieved through the use of sophisticated care such as bone marrow transplant, but through the adoption of a Comprehensive Health Care Management protocol for sickle cell disease. This protocol of care emphasizes prevention of crises through effective management of the disease. In Africa, where sickle cell disease is prevalent, this strategy of care is yet to be globally adopted. In 2003, this protocol of care was adopted at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Nigeria and this has contributed to the improved clinical status of children with sickle cell disease in the hospital. The mortality rate among children with sickle cell disease has reduced to 1.3%, requirement for recurrent blood transfusion has reduced to about 2%, and their nutritional status has improved: 75.9% have normal nutritional status while 7% are actually overweight. The frequency of bone pain crisis has reduced to about one in every two years and some of the patients have been crisisfree for as long as five years. Hydroxyurea is not routinely used for our patients so this cannot explain the marked improvement recorded. In conclusion, comprehensive health care, adapted to our setting is a very cheap and effective way of managing sickle cell disease. It can be utilized in all health facilities for the care of children with sickle cell disease and is capable of reducing the morbidity and mortality associated with the disease as well as improving their quality of life.
Published
2015-09-18
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 0302-4660