Main Article Content
Background: Antiretroviral therapy is associated with improved survival among HIV-infected children. In Nigeria, HIV treatment scale up was extended to children over a decade ago. This poses new challenges of sustained quality care.
Aim: To determine the outcomes for HIV infected children and factors that influenced retention in care at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku/Ozalla, Enugu.
Methods: This was a study of HIV-infected children seen between September 2004 and October 2015 and at the Paediatric HIV clinic of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku Ozalla, Enugu. Data collected include socio-demographics, HAART regimen and outcomes. Data analysis were done with Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 19 (Chicago IL).
Results: Five hundred and nineteen of 555 enrolled children with complete data were included in the data analysis. Two hundred and sixty-seven (51.4%) were females. Three hundred and thirty-nine participants (65.3%) were still in care, 12345 (23.7%) had been lost to follow up, or 22 (4.2%) dead while 35 (6.87%) were transferred out to other health facilities or into the adult ART clinic. Factors associated with retention in care were both parents being HIV positive (p<0.0001), commencement of HAART (p<0.0001) and HIV disclosure status of the child (Fisher’s exact Test =0.003).
Conclusions: About a quarter of our HIV-infected children were lost to follow up. Prompt initiation of HAART and HIV disclosure will positively influence retention in care.
Keywords: Paediatric HIV, children, outcomes, Enugu