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Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics

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Neonatal lupus erythematosus in a Nigerian infant

CE Ezeudu, OI Ezejiofor, WC Igwe, CC Ezechukwu, HM Nwankwo, IF Ezejiofor

Abstract


Systemic lupus erythematosus is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease that affects all organ systems and follows a relapsing and remitting course with presentation ranging from indolent to fulminant. It is an uncommon condition in children and usually manifests as the cutaneous form in the paediatric age group. We report a case of neonatal lupus erythematosus in a six-week-old Nigerian infant seen at NAUTH, Nnewi. The objective of this report is to highlight the existence of this very rare condition in infants. A 6-week-old female infant presented at the paediatric unit of our facility with a history of a pre-auricular skin eruptions of five weeks and poor suckling of three weeks duration. The skin lesions persisted unchanged after 14 days of antibiotics. A skin snip was taken for histology and a diagnosis of neonatal lupus erythematosus was made.

Key words: neonatal lupsus erythematosus, infant, Nnewi.




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