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Nigerian Journal of Surgery

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Pattern of Midface Trauma with Associated Concomitant Injuries in a Nigerian Referral Centre

S Udeabor, VI Akinmoladun, A Olusanya, A Obiechina

Abstract


Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the pattern of midface trauma with associated concomitant injuries seen in our environment.

Methodology: This was a prospective analysis of trauma patients with midfacial injuries presenting at a referral center in South West Nigeria. In addition to socio‑demographic data, the following information was also obtained: Mechanism of injuries, type of midfacial injuries, concomitant/associated injuries and treatment.

Results: A total of 101 patients with midfacial injuries were involved. They were made up of 85 males and 16 females. The 20‑29 year age group was mostly affected (44.6%) and the most common cause of midface injuries was road traffic accident (91.1%). The zygoma was fractured more than any other midfacial bone (46.0%). A total of 144 associated injuries were recorded among these patients, head and ocular injuries accounted for 49 (34%) and 35 (24.3%) respectively. The patients were mostly treated conservatively or by closed reduction.

Conclusion: The rate of head and ocular injuries among patients with midfacial injury was high. Knowledge of these associated injuries provides useful strategies for patient care and prevention of further complications. A multidisciplinary approach is important for optimum management of these patients.

Keywords: Concomitant injuries, midface trauma, multidisciplinary care




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