Management of Chronic Alcoholism in Nigeria
AbstractMan started consuming alcohol a long time ago, and it has become widely available since then. Consequently, the adverse effects of alcohol usage on the individual abuser and society have become prominent. In spite of this, the required proper management knowledge of the chronic alcoholics is sparse in our environment. This article reviews the problems that could arise from alcohol abuse and dependence, the biochemistry of alcohol metabolism, laboratory findings and drug treatment of alcoholism. It emphasizes the need to view alcoholism as a disease that need prompt attention. Furthermore, it discussed the various treatment modalities available in the management of subjects with alcohol dependence; such as the disease model approach and public health model approach. The roles of relevant authorities in the management of alcoholics, especially as it relates to control of alcohol were mentioned.
Key words: Chronic alcoholism, biochemical findings, disease model and public health models.
Nigerian Medical Practitioner Vol.47(3) 2005: 36-42