Computer applications in veterinary medicine
AbstractComputers have become essential tools in almost every field of research and applied technology. The advent of the micro-computers allows us as veterinarians enter and analyze vast amount of data on animal health, production and administrative responsibilities. Computers in veterinary medicine have been used for veterinary education; veterinary informatics; veterinary practice, research, as well as in agro-veterinary consultancy services. Informatics, which entail using the computer to access information by facilitating the formation of discussion groups; reviewing expert system' type programs such as Bovid and Canid (simulate the decision-making skills of an expert). Several Internet programs such as discussion groups, journals, dedicated veterinary sites as well as E-learning are important for veterinary continuing education. The Internet specialized computer based CD ROMs have become an invaluable source of literature in developing a research methodology as well as getting updated with current research direction and findings. An instructor or teacher of veterinary medicine would also find the computer useful in preparation of lecture materials; exam result computation; student data/records; pooling of exam questions and answers as well as clinical case documentation. Computers could be effective in a good and progressive modern veterinary practice and these include their use for reception services; diagnostic services; clinical services; surgeries and surgical management (laser surgeries); pharmacy and pharmacy management; client information services; field/ambulatory services; hospital management (storing hospital records; analyzing management data; revenue generation, targets and projections; epidemiological data as well as the automation of staff schedules); practice updates; diagnostic imaging and laboratory evaluations of specimens. Computers have also crept into the field of agro-veterinary consultancy services and have been useful here for clinical consultancy; agro-veterinary project design, monitoring and implementation; preparation of presentations as resource persons or instructor; feasibility for agro-veterinary projects as well as epidemiological studies and disease surveillance on farms.
KEY WORDS: Computers, application, Veterinary Medicine
Nigerian Veterinary Journal Vol.25(2) 2004: 1-12