Seroprevalence Of Faecal Shedding Of Escherichia Coli O157:H7 From Exotic Dairy Cattle In North-Western Nigeria
One thousand eight hundred feacal samples were collected from six diary herds in Kaduna and Sokoto States for the isolation and serological confirmation of enterohaemorrhagic E. coli O157:H7. The overall sero-prevalence rate was 0.9%. This rate was not dependent on season, breed, management and water quality; but was significantly associated statistically with the sex, diarrhea status and age of the animals. The prevalence of 0.9% in the exotic dairy cattle is low. A very large scale surveillance of livestock is needed to have a clearer picture of the occurrence and distribution of the enteropathogen.
Keywords: E. coli 0157:H7, Enterohaemorrhagic, Seroprevalence, Cattle
Nigerian Veterinary Journal Vol. 28 (2) 2007 pp. 6-11