Main Article Content

Vegetation composition and structure influences bird species community assemblages in the highland agricultural landscape of Nyandarua, Kenya

P Kariuki Ndang’ang’a
John BM Njoroge
Mwangi Githiru


We examined the effects of vegetation composition and structure on bird species diversity and richness of foraging guilds in the highland agricultural landscape of Nyandarua, Kenya. Bird point counts and vegetation surveys were undertaken during four sampling periods. Linear mixed models were used to examine the effects of vegetation variables on bird species diversity and richness of respective foraging guilds, and logistic generalised linear models used to examine vegetation effects on the presence/absence of the 17 most common bird species. Bird species diversity increased with increasing density of woody plant species and vegetation structural heterogeneity. Two gradients of increasing vegetation structural heterogeneity were most important in influencing bird community composition and had positive effects on species diversity and the presence of most of the species assessed: (1) increasing closed cover due to woody plant density, which also had positive effects on species richness of frugivores and nectarivores, but negative effects on carnivores, and (2) increasing fallow and cultivation versus decreasing grassland/pasture cover, which also had a positive effect on species richness of granivores and omnivores. This study reaffirms the need to maintain a structurally rich agricultural landscape for it to support agrobiodiversity.

Keywords: birds, East Africa, farmland, forest, grassland, heterogeneity

OSTRICH 2013, 84(3): 171–179