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Investigation on papillomavirus infection in dromedary camels in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia

Abdelmalik Ibrahim Khalafalla, Ramadan Omer Ramadan, Annabel Rector, Seif Barakat

Abstract


We investigated two outbreaks of papillomatosis between 2013 and 2015 in Al Ahsa region of eastern Saudi Arabia involving fourteen dromedary camels. The disease affected both young and adult animals and occurred in coincidence with demodectic mange infestation. Diagnosis was made based on gross and histopathological characteristics of the wart lesion and was confirmed by PCR. Rolling circle amplification followed by degenerate primer PCR and sequencing of the amplicons revealed the presence of both Camelus dromedarius papillomavirus types 1 and 2, previously identified in infected dromedaries in Sudan.

Keywords: Al Ahsa, Dromedary camels, Infection, Papillomavirus, Saudi Arabia.




http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ovj.v7i2.16
AJOL African Journals Online