Modelling the mortality of members of group schemes in South Africa
In this paper, the methodology underlying the graduation of the mortality of members of group schemes in South Africa underwritten by life insurance companies under group life-insurance arrangements is described and the results are presented. A multivariate parametric curve was fitted to the data for the working ages 25 to 65 and comparisons are made with the mortality rates from the SA85–90 ultimate rates for insured lives and the ASSA2008 AIDS and demographic model. The results show that the mortality of members of group schemes is lower than that of the general population, mortality decreasing with increasing salary, as would be expected. For males it was found that there were differences in mortality rates by industry for a given salary band, whereas for females these differences only occurred in the lower salary bands. Furthermore, there is evidence of the healthy-worker effect at ages 60 and above, where the mortality rates appear to level off or even decrease as age increases. This contrasts with the mortality rates from the SA85–90 ultimate rates for insured lives and the ASSA2008 AIDS and demographic model, which increase exponentially.
Keywords: Parametric graduation; mortality laws; mortality rates; force of mortality; occupational mortality; group life insurance; group schemes; ASSA2008 model
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