Prevalence and Risk Factors of Gastrointestinal Parasite Infection in Goats in Sironko District, Eastern Uganda

  • Winnie Namutosi Uganda Christian University, Faculty of Science and Technology
  • James Higenyi Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries, Entebbe, Uganda. Department of Animal Health.
  • Elizabeth Kizito
  • Micheal Omodo
Keywords: Gastrointestinal parasites, Goats, Risk factors, Resilience.

Abstract

This study investigated the prevalence and risk factors of gastrointestinal parasite (GIP) infections in goats in Sironko District. Randomly selected livestock farmers (28) were interviewed. Two hundred twenty (220) faecal and blood samples were analysed using laboratory techniques. The overall prevalence of GIP was 74.5 percent. Nematodes were the most prevalent (61.8%). The level of GIP infections were; Eimeria (37.7%), Haemonchus contortus (36.4%), Trichostrongylus (43.6%), Strongyloides (14.6%), Strongyle (12.7%), Nematodirus (0.9%), Moneizia (14.55%) and Fasciola (11.82%). Further analysis showed high (48.6%) anaemia in adult goats. The most significant risk factors were location of farm (p=0.001), production system (p=0.045) and frequency of deworming (p=0.023). It is concluded that there is a high prevalence of GIP linked with heavy infection in the area. Therefore, it is imperative to promote agricultural adaptation strategies that will strengthen the
farmers’ resilience.

Published
2020-11-05
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 2410-6909
print ISSN: 1026-0919