Dacterial agents of otitis media and their sensitivity to some antibiotics in Aminu kano teaching hospital, Kano state

  • U Shamsuddeen
  • A.D Usman
  • A Bukar
  • I Safiya
Keywords: Bacterial agents, otitis media, sensitivity, antibiotics, AKTH.

Abstract

Fifty ear swab samples were examined from pediatric patients attending Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano. The samples were collected from ENT department, pediatric out patients department (PODP) and General out Patients Department (GOPD). The swabs were tested by culturing for bacterial pathogens, where 47 (94.0%) of the samples yielded growth. The most predominant isolate was Staphylococcus aureus, with a total occurrence of 26 (55.32%) followed by Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Streptococcus pneumoniae, with total occurrences of 12 (25.53%), 7 (14.89%), 1(2/13%) and 1 (2.13%) respectively. Based on age group, 0-2yrs age group were more infected (16 infected). Of the two sexes, males were 28 (56%) while females were 22 (44%) and all were within the age range of 0- 12 years. Antimicrobial sensitivity test showed that the bacterial isolates were susceptible to Augmentin, Gentamycin, Tetracycline, Amoxicillin and ofloxacin but resistant to Ampicillin, Streptomycin, Cotrimoxazole, cefixime and Cloxacillin.
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eISSN: 2006-6996
print ISSN: 2006-6996