Improvisation and utilization of resources in the teaching and learning of science and mathematics in secondary schools in Cross River state

  • Ogbe Alphonsus Okori
  • Omenka Jerry

Abstract

This paper examined the importance of improvisation in the teaching and learning of science and mathematics in the senior secondary schools in Cross River State of N Nigeria. Human and material resources are inevitable in enhancing the teaching and learning of science and mathematics generally and practically at this level of Education. The instructional materials lend credence and reality to abstract concepts taught at this level. Such instructional materials include charts, computers, and television, audio and visual materials. When these materials are not available or inadequate, the teacher is expected to improvise. Adequate and relevant materials give room for effective and efficient teaching and learning of science and mathematics. It is the lack of such a situation that has resulted into poor performance and low achievement in science and mathematics. Therefore these papers recommend that the way forward in this issue is for all hand to be on deck. The teachers, government and all stakeholders in Education should provide and supply to all secondary schools in the state adequate and relevant resource materials for the teaching and learning of science and mathematics. Functional centers for the provision of locally made teaching aids and instructional materials. Teachers should be sponsored by the government to attend workshops and seminars, vocational course and conferences to be enlightened on the latest development in their subject areas.

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