Online Learning for Social Constructivism: Creating a Conducive Environment
On-line learning is a process which is facilitated through the use of the Internet and the World Wide Web. It has the potential for stimulating learning on a social constructivist paradigm given the wide range of applications available on the Internet and the web. The social constructivist paradigm is associated with creative thinking and problem solving through collaborative learning. In spite of this, problems related to the practice act as impediments to effective on-line learning in some higher education institutions. This integrative literature review examines the findings of qualitative research articles regarding impediments to effective on-line learning. Five primary research articles published between 2000 and 2010 serve as the source of data for the study and recommendations based on literature are presented as possible solutions to the identified problems. The article used as its theoretical basis Garrison’s Community of Inquiry. The study makes recommendations that may address the problems prevalent in the practice of on-line learning. These recommendations may serve as a marker for academic planners and policy makers who are involved with the creation of effective on-line learning environments.
Key words: on-line learning, social constructivism, impediments to effective on-line learning, community of inquiry