Synthesis of mg/al layered double hydroxide (LDH) nanoplates for efficient removal of nitarate from aqueous solutions
Leaching of nitrate is an important issue on the losses of nitrate from agriculture soils in temperate zone. Decomposition of plants and other organic residues in the soil and improper discharge of sewage lead to the presence of nitrates in the sources of surface and groundwater and flowing water drainage in agricultural drainage networks and their pollution. This study aimed to study the potential use of chloride layered double hydroxide (LDH) nanoplates to remove nitrate from aqueous solutions. The nano-material of chloride-LDH was made by hydrothermal technique and then, its characteristics were specified through scanning electron micrograph and removal of nitrate from aqueous solution by the minerals was investigated in terms of pH, time, speed of shaker, different concentrations of adsorbent and surface adsorption isotherm. Microscopic images of built nanoplates were examined using FESEM and SEM electron microscope with two magnifications. The thickness of nanoplates was about 20nm and their diameter was about 250 nm. Magnified image of the synthesized nanostructures shows squamous-shape. Surface adsorption isotherm of nitrate by chloride- LDH nanoplate was explained with Langmuir model shown with the values greater than 2R. In surface adsorption of nitrate, the optimal values were measured as following: pH = 7, speed = 250 rpm, time = 45 min, concentration of adsorbent = 0.1gr. This material could adsorb nitrates from aqueous solutions efficiently and effectively.
Keywords: pollution, nitrate, layered double hydroxide, hydrothermal, surface adsorption