Main Article Content

Challenges of communication system during emergency disaster response in Malaysia: A review

S. Azmani
N. Juliana
A. M. Idrose
N. A. Amin
A. S. M. Saudi


The purpose of this review is to provide the overview of available systems and potential
future systems for communication during disaster in Malaysia. Electronic searches in major
subject loci databases such as MEDLINE (via PUBMED), Ovid, Science Direct, Scopus,
IEEE Xplore digital library and Springer are used in conducting the reviews. The major
challenge is to integrate between readily available communications systems at pre-disaster,
during disaster and post-disaster. Therefore, this review will further provide information for
the policy makers, responsible personnel as well as researchers on the vulnerability of the
communication systems during disaster and the future direction of effective communication
system in Malaysia.

Keywords: disaster; communication system;GIRN; effective communication system;
emergency medicine.

Journal Identifiers

print ISSN: 1112-9867