Factors Affecting Women’s Participation in Environmental Conservation and Protection
Women play an important role in environmental protection and conservation, hence this study, analysed the factors affecting women’s participation in environmental conservation and protection in Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State. Samples for this study were randomly selected from the four clans that make up Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom. The four clans are Etoi, Offot, Oku and Ikono. Oral interview was used to source for information from respondents with little or no education, while for the literate, questionnaires were administered and later retrieved for interpretation. Exactly 120 questionnaires were administered; 30 per clan. Simple statistical tools (frequency, percentage) and charts were used in data analysis. The results showed that, many (45.5%) respondents that participated in environmental conservation and protection were married woman within the age range of 31-40years, had tertiary education (42.8%), were members of NGO (31.8%) and were aware. About 55.5% of respondents confirmed that level of education affect participation, while 44.5% indicated it does not, 59.1% noted that wealth does not stop participation, 27.3% indicated it can affect and 13.6% partially. Majority of respondents (84.6%) said religion was not a barrier to participation in environmental conservation and protection, while 15.5% agreed that, religion partially does, and majority (50.9%) indicated custom/tradition. Therefore, there is need for provision of alternative sources of energy at reduced rate for domestic and industrial use; more awareness through various governmental agencies should be made on the danger of destroying the eco-system and the benefits inherent in participating in environmental conservation and protection.
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