Water quality and fish diversity of Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta reservoir
Federal University of Agriculture reservoir is one of the recently constructed in Abeokuta, Ogun state, Nigeria, therefore the need to assess the water quality, fish diversity and catch assessment of this new water body. Data on fish species were collected on a forthnight basis using multi-stage gillnet sampling techniques for four months (September- December, 2011). Three sampling stations were randomly selected from the entire reservoir. A variety of sampling methods were used at each site in order to reach every fish species. At the river channel and the floodplain sites, traps, cast nets (2.55cm mesh), seine nets (2.55 x 2 cm mesh), monofilament nylon gillnets (15.55 cm mesh), and hook and line were employed. Efforts were made in order to catch fish species in large abundance. Some sampled fish (dead) were collected and placed in cool boxes and examined within 18 hours of capture. Others were preserved in 15% formalin and stored for later examination. A total of 863 fish specimens were caught during the study period. These were identified and classified into 5 species belonging to 3 families. The percentage species composition of the harvest by numbers and weight for all fish species that contributed more than 1% in all the stations combined, were computed. Study of the physico-chemical parameter such as dissolved oxygen ranged from 5.03 to 7.19mg/l; 26 to 280C temperature; 64.8 to 148ppm alkaline; pH 6.67-6.90; 32.5 to 53.5m transparent; 8.86 to 13.72mg/l nitrate; 0.58 to 0.64mg/l phosphate; 0.024 to 0.069 o/oo saline; 103-270cm deep. pH and water temperature serve as variables since the fluctuation of one affects the values of others. The water quality parameters were favourable for fish production. The gillnet fisheries indicated that different mesh sizes of experimental gillnets were sensitive to different fish species. 67.2mm, 78.4mm and 112mm, mesh sizes were efficient in catching Clarias gariepinus, Barbus occidentalis and the Cichlids respectively. The study has shown that middle water was the most suitable habitat for fish in the reservoir. Water level and temperature were observed to guarantee high fish yield in the reservoir.
Keywords: Reservoir, Physico-chemical parameters, catch composition