Electrical Load Survey and Forecast for a Decentralized Hybrid Power System at Elebu, Kwara State, Nigeria
This paper presents electrical load survey and forecast for a typical off-grid rural decentralized hybrid power generating systems of a rural area (Elebu). With the data available, energy demand and forecast for ten years was estimated. It was also observed that this community has potential for small hydro, wind and solar energy which can be integrated to meet the present and future energy needs of this area in a cost effective and sustainable manner. The paper reports the results of electrical load demand and forecast for Elebu rural community located in Kwara State, Nigeria. The expected peak load in first year of operation was estimated as 40.18kW which will increase every year. The maximum estimated demand at the end of tenth year is about 57 kW. This simply means that the installed capacity would not have been 57kW if the maximum estimated demand is 57kW. On the eleventh year, the demand would have exceeded the installed capacity, thereby making the system unstable and unreliable.