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Possible role of pomegranate fruit in reversing renal damage in rats exposed to Phenylhydrazine

Nabil Abbas Soliman
Sherif Wajih Mansour
Mohamed Ahmed Ammar
Noura Ahmed Hassan
Rehab Hamed Abdallah Mohamed


Background: Pomegranate granatum (molasses and peels) and its constituents showed protective effects against natural toxins such as phenylhydrazine (PHZ) as well as chemical toxicants such as arsenic, diazinon, and carbon
Aim: The current study aimed to assess the effect of pomegranate molasses (PM), white peel extract, and red peel extract on nephrotoxicity induced by PHZ.
Methods: 80 male rats were divided into eight equal groups; a control group, PM pure group, white peel pomegranate
pure group, red peel pomegranate pure group, PHZ group, PM + PHZ group, white peel pomegranate + PHZ group and
red peel pomegranate + PHZ group. Kidney function, inflammation markers, antioxidant activities, and renal tissue
histopathology were investigated.
Results: The results revealed that PHZ group showed a significant increase in lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH),  malondialdehyde (MDA), creatinine, uric acid, BUNBUN, C - reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor,
thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARSs), and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) with a significant decrease of
catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) as compared with a control group.
Other pomegranate-treated and PHZ co-treated groups with pomegranate showed a significant decrease of LDH,
MDA, creatinine, uric acid, BUN, tumor necrosis factor, TBARSs, and TAC with a significant increase of CAT, GPx,
and SOD as compared with PHZ group.
Conclusion: Collectively, our data suggest that red, white peels, and molasses have anti-toxic and anti-inflammatory
effects on renal function and tissues.

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eISSN: 2218-6050
print ISSN: 2226-4485