Analysis of Effects of Selected Aerosol Particles to the Global Climate Change and Health using Remote Sensing data: The Focus on Africa
The desert's dust and anthropogenic biomass burning's black carbon (BC) in the tropical regions are associated with many effects on climate and air quality. The dust and BC are the selected aerosols, which affect health by polluting the breathable air. This research discusses the effects of both the aerosols, especially while they interact with the clouds. The respective aerosol extinction optical thickness (AOT) extinction was analysed with the sensible heat from Turbulence. The research purposes to quantitatively study the remote sensing data for fine particulate matter, PM2.5, heterogeneously mixing both the dust and the pulverized black carbon's soot or ash, to analyse at which levels PM2.5 can endanger human health in the sub-Saharan region. The mainly analysed data had been assimilated from different remote sensing tools; the Goddard interactive online visualization and analysis infrastructure (GIOVANNI) was in the centre of data collection; GIS, the research data analysis software. In results, the rise and fall of the averaged sensible heat were associated with the rise and fall of averaged aerosol extinction AOT; the direct effects of the selected aerosols on the clouds are also presented. Regarding the health effects, PM2.5 quantities are throughout beyond the tolerably recommended quantity of 25μg/m3; thus, having referred to erstwhile research, inhabitants would consume food and drug supplements which contain vanillic acid during dusty seasons.
Keywords: Geographic Information System (GIS), remotely sensed data, spatio-temporal (data) analysis