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Ghana Journal of Development Studies

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Gender Preference in Primary School Enrolment among Households in Northern Region, Ghana

Tia Abdul-Kabiru Mahama, Paul Kwame Nkegbe

Abstract


Narrowing and eliminating enrolment gaps between male and female children has  become a policy issue of governments in developing countries especially with the introduction of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the post-2015  Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The benefits of equal enrolment and  retention in primary schools cannot be underestimated for developing countries in  particular. This underscores the need for studies that shed light on enrolment  inequalities. Applying binary probit model to cross-sectional data from 384  respondents randomly drawn from rural and urban communities in the West  Mamprusi District of the Northern Region of Ghana, it is revealed that income level  of the household head, number of male and female children of school-age, primary  school enrolment decision-maker and number of female children already enrolled are significant determinants of female enrolment. Male children are also found to be the  most preferred gender for primary school enrolment. Governments should therefore  consider improving income levels of households, as well as sustaining sensitization  and awareness creation through the Gender Ministry and/or National Commission for Civic Education on the importance of female education in addressing enrolment  inequalities.


Keywords: Gender Preference, Household Determinants, Enrolment, Probit Model, Ghana




http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/gjds.v14i1.4
AJOL African Journals Online