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South African Journal of Animal Science

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The effect of oestradiol-17β on the motility, viability and the acrosomal status of bull sperm

HB Çiftci, U Zülkadir

Abstract


The aim of this study was to test the effect of oestradiol-17β (E2) on the motility, viability and the acrosomal status of bull sperm in vitro. Pooled semen from Holstein bulls were incubated in the presence of 2, 4, and 8 μg E2/mL for 24 h. Semen was also incubated in media without E2. During the incubation, the number of motile, viable sperm and the number of sperm possessing lost/damaged acrosomes, cytoplasmic droplets and coiled tails were counted at 0, 4, 18 and 24 h of incubation. Addition of 2 μg E2/mL at 18 h of incubation increased the total motility over the control. The number of forward progressing sperm was increased by the supplementation of 2 and 8 μg E2/mL over the control group at the 4 h incubation. Lower doses of E2 (2 and 4 μg/mL) did not affect viability of sperm, but a high dose of E2 (8 μg/mL) caused reductions in viability at 4 and 24 h of incubation. The number of sperm cells with lost acrosomes was significantly high in control group at 24 h of incubation. The number of sperm cells possessing proximal and distal cytoplasmic droplets and the number of sperm cells bearing coiled tails were not altered by any of the treatments. A small dose of E2 (2 μg/mL) had a beneficial effect on the motility and acrosome integrity of bull sperm in vitro. Higher dose of E2 (8 μg/mL) had a detrimental effect on viability.

Keywords: Bovine males, estradiol, acrosome, motility, spermatozoa, in vitro incubation




http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/sajas.v40i1.54124
AJOL African Journals Online