Neo-Colonialism and the Question of National Autonomy
The focus of this paper is to critically analyze the place of national autonomy in a neocolonised state. National autonomy– the ability of a nation–state to make and enforce decisions which shape its political and economic future, has greatly been subjugated by neocolonialism- the efforts of the former colonial and new powers to maintain colonial control over independent 3rd world states by other means, such as, the international financial institutions and their globalization propaganda. The concept of neocolonialism first originated in Africa, probably with Nkruma, and received collective recognition at the 1961 All-African People’s Conference. While critics of these institutions argue that the advance nations profits from cheap labour and raw materials in the underdeveloped states, others accept that it ultimately does serve as a positive modernizing force for development. Therefore, it has always been the case that strategies of development conceived in the developed countries have been accepted by the 3rd world nations, despite their in appropriateness. The paper expresses the view that a poor country that rejects interconnectedness based on the IMF and other international financial institutions conditionality, must also find new means of relating itself to other countries, for the autonomy of the 3rd world states has become a phenomena that the advance states can no longer afford to grant. It concluded that 3rd world leaders must therefore realize that the present world order is part of their problem and not the solution.
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