Supervisors' Leadership Frames: Implications for Implementation of Universal Basic Education (UBE) In Nigeria
The purpose of this study was to explore the leadership frames of supervisor of public schools in Nigeria required for effective implementation of Universal Basic Education (UBE) in Nigeria. This study draws on work of Bolman and Deals (1990) four-Frame Leadership Model. Using Three research questions and three null hypotheses, the samples of the study consisted of 600 supervisors of public schools in Nigeria. Data collection was done through a five-point Likert scale questionnaire, its internal coefficient of internal consistency was 0.85 using Cronbach alpha. The data obtained were statistically analysed using mean scores and independent t-test analysis. Result indicated that distributed leadership is essential ingredient for promoting educational excellence. It was concluded that distributed forms of leadership among the wider staff is likely to have a significant influence on the academic achievement of students/pupil outcomes than that which is likely top down. It was recommended among others that the type of leaders demanded for effective implementation of UBE are not leaders involved in money running at billion of naira in foreign bank account to the detriment of welfare of their people. That it should be an engagement of many people in leadership activity of directing and following the contour of expertise in an organization.