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Pathogenesis mechanism of<i> Pestalotiopsis funerea</i> toxin (Pf-toxin) on the plasmalemma of needle cells of different pine species

Shujiang Li
Tianhui Zhu
Hanmingyue Zhu
Shan Han
Fanglian Li
Wei Yang
Hua Yang


The Pf-toxin (C5H11O5N) has been genetically associated with the pathogenesis mechanism in plasmalemma cells of pine needles in previous reports. In this study, a toxin was obtained from Pestalotiopsis funerea (called Pf- toxin) by concentrating and column chromatography. Responses of the needles of eight pine species against the toxin were investigated. The O2- production rate, malondialdehyde (MDA) content, fatty acid composition, relative conductivity, and lesion length of the needles were determined. The severest damage and lipid peroxidation were exhibited by the needle plasmalemma of Pinus massoniana, Pinus yunnanensis, and Pinus tabuliformis. Pinus elliottii and Pinus taeda followed. Pinus armandi, Pinus radiata and Pinus thunbergii came last. The resistance capability of resistant species against the Pf-toxin precedes that of susceptible species.

Keywords: Pestalotiopsis funerea, Pestalotia needle blight, Pinus, resistance.

African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 11(29), pp. 7397-7407, 10 April, 2012

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eISSN: 1684-5315