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Regeneration of plantlets from nodal and shoot tip explants of <i>Anoectochilus elatus</i> Lindley, an endangered terrestrial orchid

N Ahamed Sherif
JH Franklin Benjamin
S Muthukrishnan
T Senthil Kumar
MV Rao


Anoectochilus elatus Lindley is an endangered terrestrial orchid. A procedure for the regeneration of complete plantlets of A. elatus Lindley through node and shoot tip explants resulted directly in shoots when cultured on a full strength Murashige and Skoog (1962) medium supplemented with cytokinins at different concentrations. An average number of shoots per explant is 3 in shoot tip and 4 in node, respectively. The best shoot proliferation was observed in 3.0 mg/l 1-phenyl-3-(1,2,3-thiadiazol-5-yl)-urea (TDZ) and the mean shoot length in 3.5 mg/l 6-furfurylaminopurine (KIN) (node) and 0.01 mg/l (shoot tip). Hundred percent rooting was achieved with the regenerated shoots in the same medium with the addition of 0.3 g/l activated charcoal (AC). Plantlets with well developed leaves and roots were transplanted to pots filled with a mixture of coconut coir, activated charcoal, commercial fertilizers (3:1:1) and acclimatized before been transferred to the greenhouse.

Keywords: : Anoectochilus elatus, activated charcoal, regeneration, rooting

African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 11(29), pp. 7549-7553, 10 April, 2012

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eISSN: 1684-5315