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China has no option but to press on with the implementation of the National Water Initiative as stated by its government in ‘’Document No. 1". One might observe that it can be a bit heavy in political terms. Most hydrological means are pretty meaningless in reality. Though the nation is not sure if it can handle such a project effectively yet, it will certainly approach it with a degree of commitment. The paper aims to build an integrated understanding of these issues and to illustrate appropriate policy directions and management practices. These are ambitious goals, but they are essential and relevant in the milestone of the Chinese water resources management and policy.
Key words: Climate change, Chinese water vision, the national water initiative, national water resources management, integrated water resources management, policy implications.