Cytotoxic effect of nanoparticles synthesized from Salvia officinalis L. and Ricinus communis aqueous extracts against vero cell line and evaluation of their antioxidant activities
The development of safe carriers for the use of plant extracts in industrial and health fields constitute a matter of serious concern. The development of plant derived nanoparticles may help to overcome such barriers. However, the major concern is still the safety of these carriers. The present study describes the synthesis of nanoparticles derived from Salvia officinalis L. and Ricinus communis and the evaluation of their cytotoxic and antioxidant effects. It is shown in this study that the aqueous extracts of S. officinalis L. and R. communis have the potentials to reduce silver nitrate ions to silver nanoparticles. The biosynthesized nanoparticles were analyzed by spectrophotometer and granulometric tests. The biological activities of these extracts and nanoparticles were carried out. S. officinalis L. leaf extract had the strongest antioxidant activity, followed by R. communis leaf and fruit extracts. Altogether, the synthesized nanoparticles were safe and may serve as antioxidant products in many fields.
Key words: Plant material, biosynthesis of nanoparticle, cytotoxicity, cell culture, free radicals.