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African Journal of Biotechnology

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Studies on some active components and antimicrobial activities of the fermentation broth of endophytic fungi DZY16 Isolated from Eucommia ulmoides Oliv.

Ding Ting, Sun Wei-Wei, Qi Yong- Xia, Jiang Hai-Yang

Abstract


Research into plant-derived endophytic fungi has grown in recent decades. Endophytic fungi still have enormous potential to inspire and influence modern agriculture. In this study, the endophytic fungi DZY16 isolated from Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. was tested for its bioactive components and antimicrobial activities using phenol-sulfuric acid method, high performance liquid chromatography method and growth inhibition measurements. The results show that variation trend of extracellular polysaccharide content at different growth stages of the strain DZY16 and the maximum content of extracellular polysaccharide was 2.02 g/L at the sixth day. Moreover, the fermentation broth of the DZY16 contained guanosine, uridine and adenosine; the contents were 1.54 mg/g, 1.07 mg/g and 1.36 mg/g respectively. On the other hand, the strongest antimicrobial activity was exhibited by the acetylacetate extract of strain DZY16 against Rhizoctonia solani and Gibberella zeae, showing 59.84 and 70.86% respectively. The strain DZY16 was identified by internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequence as belonging to Nigrospora. The results indicate that the endophytic fungi DZY16 of the plant E. ulmoides Oliv. is a promising source of novel bioactive compounds.

Keywords: Eucommia ulmoides Oliv., endophytic fungi, extracellular polysaccharide, nucleotides, antimicrobial activity

African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 12(15), pp. 1862-1868



AJOL African Journals Online