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African Journal of Biotechnology

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Effect of temperature on antibiotic properties of garlic (Allium sativum L.) and ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.)

Pankaj Sah, Balqees Al-Tamimi, Najat Al-Nassri, Rahma Al-Mamari

Abstract


Garlic and ginger are the two most common herbs used in traditional medicine practice for their antimicrobial activities. Moreover, in many countries, they are also used with boiled food preparations, which can destroy their important medicinal properties. We conducted an agar well diffusion assay with aqueous extracts of  garlic and ginger to observe the effect of temperature on their antibiotic properties against three human  pathogenic bacteria namely Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. The results  show that in general, garlic has significantly greater zone of inhibition (mean = 23.3 mm) than ginger (mean = 19.0 mm) at both, room temperature (26°C) (t = 4.91; á = 0.05; P < 0.01) and at higher temperature  (100°C); garlic (mean = 15.6 mm); ginger (mean = 0 mm) (t = 17.76; df = 2; á = 0.05; P < 0.001). On  observation, it was found that although higher temperature significantly reduced the antibacterial properties of both plants, nevertheless it affected ginger more (t = 32.9, df = 2; á = 0.05; P < 0.001) than garlic (t = 11.5, df = 2; á = 0.05; P < 0.01). From our study, we can conclude that garlic has more prevailing and sustainable antibiotic properties than ginger under normal and higher temperature regimes. We recommend that garlic not only has very promising potential for a broad-spectrum antibiotic drug against many pathogenic bacteria, but  also significantly sustains its antibacterial property than ginger even with boiled food preparations. In addition, it can be used as an effective source of natural herbal antibiotics with or without boiling.


Key words: Garlic, ginger, medicinal plants, antibiotic properties, naturopathy.




http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/AJB12.1402
AJOL African Journals Online