Estimates of combining ability and heterosis for growth traits in a full diallel cross of three strains of common carp, Cyprinus carpio L.

  • Shengyan Su
  • Pao Xu
  • Xinhua Yuan

Abstract

We attempted to determine the combining ability and heterosis of body weight by performing 3 × 3 complete diallel crosses derived by crossing three common carps (Cyprinus carpio var. jian, Cyprinus carpio haematopterus Temminck et Schlegel and Cyprinus carpio haematopterus). In total, 1650 fish were tagged when they were 1.5 months of age. After five months, Jian carp (♂) × Huanghe carp (♀) attained greater weight than pure and other hybrids. By crossing with Jian, Huanghe and Heilongjiang carps have improved body weight compared to their purebred. Significant principal components (PCs) were generated from growth performance data and their statistical loadings. The first principal component had the highest Eigen value of 2.81 and accounted for 70.31% of the variability in the data set. Two crosses, Jian carp (♂) × Huanghe carp (♀) and Huanghe carp (♂) × Jian carp (♀) showed high SCA with regard to body weight. Both Heilongjiang carp (♂) × Jian carp (♀) and Heilongjiang carp (♂) × Huanghe carp (♀) had higher heterosis compared to their purebreds. Significant positive phenotypic correlations were also observed between body weight and body length, thickness and height. The aforementioned results listed were identified as the foundation for common carp selective breeding programs.

Keywords: Common carp, cross-breeding, heterosis

African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 12(22), pp. 3514-3521

Author Biographies

Shengyan Su
Wuxi Fisheries College, Nanjing Agricultural University, Wuxi 214081, PR China; Key Laboratory of Freshwater Fisheries and Germplasm Resources Utilization, Ministry of Agriculture, Freshwater
Pao Xu
Wuxi Fisheries College, Nanjing Agricultural University, Wuxi 214081, PR China; Key Laboratory of Freshwater Fisheries and Germplasm Resources Utilization, Ministry of Agriculture, Freshwater Fisheries Research Center, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,Wuxi 214081, China, PR China; Fish genetic and breeding, shanshui western road No.9, 214081, wuxi, Jiangsu, PR China
Xinhua Yuan
Wuxi Fisheries College, Nanjing Agricultural University, Wuxi 214081, PR China; Key Laboratory of Freshwater Fisheries and Germplasm Resources Utilization, Ministry of Agriculture, Freshwater Fisheries Research Center, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,Wuxi 214081, China, PR China; Fish genetic and breeding, shanshui western road No.9, 214081, wuxi, Jiangsu, PR China
Published
2016-03-15
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1684-5315