Immobilization of microbial cells: A promising tool for treatment of toxic pollutants in industrial wastewater

  • Suzana Cláudia Silveira Martins
  • Claudia Miranda Martins
  • Larissa Maria Cidrão Guedes Fiúza
  • Sandra Tédde Santaella

Abstract

The review articles on cell immobilization have been published since 1980 and reflect the general interest in this topic. Immobilized microbial cells create opportunities in a wide range of sectors including environmental pollution control. Compared with suspended microorganism technology, cell immobilization shows many advantages, such as resistance to toxic chemicals. This review presents the potential of immobilized microbial cells for treatment of toxic pollutants in industrial wastewater, the fundamentals, history and advantages of immobilized cells compared with suspended cells, characteristics of support materials and the principal methods of immobilization, with special emphasis for natural immobilization by cell adsorption.

Keywords: Cell immobilization, microorganisms, adsorption, toxic pollutants, wastewater

African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 12(28), pp. 4412-4418

Author Biographies

Suzana Cláudia Silveira Martins
Laboratory of Environmental Microbiology, Department of Biology, Sciences Center, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil
Claudia Miranda Martins
Laboratory of Environmental Microbiology, Department of Biology, Sciences Center, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil
Larissa Maria Cidrão Guedes Fiúza
Laboratory of Environmental Microbiology, Department of Biology, Sciences Center, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil
Sandra Tédde Santaella
Sea Sciences Institute, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil.
Published
2016-04-06
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1684-5315