Subcellular localization and expression analysis of the BmDSCLP protein from silkworm, Bombyx mori
Leucine-rich repeat (LRR) proteins play important roles in the transduction of cellular signals and activation of defense responses. By scanning the cDNA library of silkworm (Bombyx mori) pupae constructed in our laboratory, we identified a 1557 bp gene that encodes a protein homologous to the death-associated small cytoplasmic leucine-rich protein, which was named as BmDSCLP. The full-length gene (GenBank accession no. FJ602779) contained a 642 bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding 213 amino acid residues. The ORF of this gene was inserted into the prokaryotic expression vector pET-28a(+) to construct a recombinant expression plasmid and the fusion protein was expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) cells. The fusion protein was purified by Ni-affinity chromatography and fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC) and its size was then, determined by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) and found to be 27.74 kD. Polyclonal antibodies were raised by subcutaneous injection of the recombinant protein into New Zealand white rabbits and the titer reached 1:12800. Analysis of the subcellular localization of the BmDSCLP protein revealed that, the protein was localized in both the cytoplasm and nucleus, but the amount in the former was slightly higher than that in the latter. In addition, real-time fluorescence quantification polymerase chain reaction studies were conducted to investigate BmDSCLP transcription at different developmental stages and in different tissues of the fifth instar larva. The results indicated that, BmDSCLP is widely transcribed in different stages and tissues of the silkworm. Analysis of stage-specific transcription patterns indicated that, the transcriptional level of BmDSCLP was highest in adults and lowest in eggs. Analysis of tissue-specific transcription patterns revealed that, the transcriptional level of BmDSCLP was highest in genital organs and lowest in silk glands. These results suggest that BmDSCLP plays important roles in the reproductive development of B. mori.
Keywords: Bombyx mori, death-associated small cytoplasmic leucine-rich protein, prokaryotic expression, fluorescence quantification polymerase chain reaction