Assessment of the physiological and biochemical characterization of a Lactic acid bacterium isolated from chicken faeces in sahelian region
The aim of this work was the examination of the microbiological and technological properties of a lactic acid bacterium (CWBI-B623) isolated from chicken faeces in sahelian region (Burkina Faso). The strain CWBI-B623 is a Gram positive rod, asporogenous, catalase-positive, facultatively anaerobic, non motile and mesophilic. The analysis showed that it produce L(+)-lactic acid via homofermentative pathway and it was able to ferment an important number of the carbohydrates of API 50CHL system. The 16S-rDNAsequence analysis revealed that the isolate was phylogenetically a member of the genus Lactobacillus and formed a subline within the Lactobacillus casei cluster. The minimal inhibitory concentration of CWBI-B623 for bile salts was higher than 1% and the survival rates to acidity with pH 3.0 and pH 2.5 were 26 and 1.2%, respectively. CWBI-B623 is an Lactobacillus casei species based on its physiological and biochemical properties and it could be a good candidate for probiotic formulations.
Key words: Lactic acid bacteria, Lactobacillus, probiotic, biodiversity.