Contribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus to red kidney and wheat plants tolerance grown in heavy metal-polluted soil

  • Gamal Hassan Rabie Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Zagazig University, Egypt; Current address: Science Department, Teachers’ College, El-Hassa, Hufuf, P.O. Box. 2313, Saudi Arabia
Keywords: Antioxidant, chlorophyll, dry weight, mycorrhiza, phosphor, phytoremediation, pollution, symbiosis

Abstract

The researcher had investigated the role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal inoculation in red idney and wheat in heavy metals tolerance in soil artificially contaminated with high oncentrations of zinc, copper, lead and cadmium. Metals accumulated by mycorrhizal wheat lants were mostly distributed in root tissues, suggesting that an exclusion strategy for metal tolerance widely exists in them. Mycorrhizal red kidney plants could accumulate relatively high metal concentrations in their shoots which indicated that internal detoxification metal tolerance mechanisms are also included. From a number of physiological indices measured in this study, mycorrhizal symbiosis significantly increased root and shoot dry weight, chlorophyll content and total lipid in wheat plants. It also significantly increased root and shoot dry weight, protein content and the activity of antioxidant enzymes in red kidney plants, when the two plant species are grown at heavy metals artificially contaminated soils. The beneficial effects of the AM fungus observed in this study aroused an interest in considering the role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in plant-based strategies of remediation of highly heavy metal contaminated soils.

African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 4 (4), pp. 332-345, 2005
Published
2005-08-16
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1684-5315