Antibacterial screening of the root, seed and stembark extracts of Picralima nitida

  • C K Nkere Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria
  • C U Iroegbu Department of Microbiology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria; Current Address: Department of Microbiology, Micheal Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike Abia State
Keywords: Picralima nitida, ethnomedicine, phytochemical analysis, Nigeria


Ethanol, benzene, chloroform and aqueous (cold and hot) extracts of Picralima nitida (seed, stembark and root) were tested against five bacterial strians using the agar-well diffusion method. The ethanol extracts of the root and stembark (Er and Esb) were active against 100% of the test organisms, repectively. The benzene and chloroform extracts exhibited no activity. Of the fifteen extracts teated, 40.0% were active against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 12600, 20.0% each against Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 10145 and Escherichia coli ATCC 11775, 33.3% against Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6051 and 13.3% against Salmonella kintambo Human 1,13,23:mt: -. The MIC values for the ethanol extracts range from 6.25 to 50 mg/ml, while the MIC values for the cold water seed extract (CWs) was 50 mg/ml. The results provide a rationalization for the traditional use of P. nitida for the treatment of various diseases.

African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 4 (6), pp. 522-526, 2005

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eISSN: 1684-5315